General Working Conditions

A Study on Working Conditions of Tea Plantation Workers in Bangladesh (2017)–en/index.htm

Philip Gain, The Story of Tea Workers, The Daily Star (May. 13, 2009, 12:00 AM),

.Mahfuzul Haque, Life in the Labour Lines: Situation of Tea Workers, in Environmental Governance Emerging Challenges for Bangladesh 393 (2013),

M.A.I. Chowdhury, et al., A Study of Existing WATSAN Condition of Two Tea Garden in Maulvibazar, 4 J. Envtl Sci. & Nat. Resources 13, (2011),

Tulshi Kumar Das & S.M. Hasan Zakirul Islam, Human Rights of the Tea Gardeners: Case Study of Selected Gardens in Sylhet,, 28 Asian Aff.  25, 30  (2006),


Al Amin M., TIB: Tea Workers Still Denied Fundamental Rights. Dhaka Tribune [Online] December 2018. Available at: 2. Md. Afrazur Rahman. “An enquiry into the living conditions of Tea Garden workers of Bangladesh: a case study of Khan Tea Estate.” PhD diss., BRAC University, 2016. Available at: sequence=1 3. Iffat Idris. “Modern slavery within the tea industry in Bangladesh.” (2018). Available at: 4.’

Gender and Tea Workers

Sabrina Miti Gain, Tea Workers: The Women’s Tale, Dhaka Tribune (Nov. 22, 2018 3:40 p.m.),

Md. Kamruzzaman, et al., Survival Strategies of Female Workers: A Study in a Tea Garden in Bangladesh (2015),

Md. Musharrof Hossain, et al., Socio-Economic Status, Dietary Pattern and Nutritional Status of the Female Workers of Fulchara Tea Garden in Moulvibazaar District in Bangladesh, 7 J. of Nutrition & Food Sci. 3 (2017).

A.B.M Enamol Hassan, Deplorable Living Conditions of Female Workers: A Study in a Tea Garden in Bangladesh, 2 Am. J. Human. & Soc. Sci. 121, 123 (2014),

Md. Ziaur Rahman, Assessment of Socio-Economic and Sexual Vulnerability of Tea Workers in Bangladesh, 4 J Soc. Sci. Res. 229 (2018),

Zyma Islam & Mintu Deshwara, Miscarriage in the Tea Gardens. The Daily Star [Online] September 19 2019. Available at: 

Nibedita Chowdhury, Md. Abdul Ahad, Mitu Chowdhury, Indrajit Kundu and Tamanna Islam, Health and Hygiene Condition of Female Tea Workers: A Study in Three Tea Gardens of Sylhet District. Available at: _of_Female_Tea_Workers_A_Study_in_Three_Tea_Gardens_of_Sylhet_District 3. Mintu Deshwara, May Day: Large numbers of children work in tea estates, Inter Press Service News Agency, May 4 2020. Available at:

Muaz, Syed Shafi Ahmed, Md Rabiul Hasan, Shamim Ahmed Shamim, Archana Dev, and Saima Kamar. “Nutritional status of 1-5 years children of the Tea Workers in Sylhet division.” Bangladesh Journal of Child Health 34, no. 1 (2010). Available at: 5. The Business Standard, 46% girls in Sylhet tea gardens victim to child marriage, July 26, 2020. Available at:

Ethnic and Religious Minorities, Indigenous Communities Among Tea Workers

Md. Razu Ahmad Masum, Rights of Dalit Tea Garden Workers in Sylhet Bangladesh, BLAST (Jan. 19, 2016),

Unions & Representation

Philip Gain, Elections in Tea Gardens and The Larger Issues of Tea Workers, Daily Star (June 30, 2018),

Land Issue

Inam Ahmed, 16,000 Tea Workers Face Uncertainty: Government Plans to Acquire Land of Three Tea Estates in Habiganj for Setting up Special Economic Zone, THE DAILY STAR (Dec. 21, 2015),

Tea Workers Against Special Economic Zone in Habiganj, The Daily Star (Dec. 16, 2015, 12:00 AM),

Ahmad Ibrahim, A Fight for Land and Livelihood, The Daily Star (Jan. 22, 2016)

Habiganj Tea Workers Go On Strike Against SEZ, The Daily Star (Jan. 9, 2016),

Jawad Ahmed, Tea Workers Movement: For Land and Identity, BRAC Univ. (Dec. 2016)

Habiganj Tea Workers Protest Setting up SEZ, The Daily Star (Mar. 11, 2017),

Tea Workers Now Set to Seek Land Rights, The Statesman (Jan. 26, 2018),

Special Economic Zone in Tea Estate: 6,000 to Lose Means for Survival, The Daily Star (Dec. 23, 2019),

Zyma Islam Everyday Stories of Displacement (Daily Star 2017)

 Al Jazeera English, Bangladesh Tea Workers Fear Losing Homes, 2017. Available at:

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